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Gum Grafting

The exposure of the roots of teeth or the lower parts of teeth in a visible manner is called gum recession. With gum recession, small pockets called periodontal pockets form between the patients’ teeth and gums. This creates an environment where bacteria and microorganisms can easily accumulate. This condition can lead to various health problems.

Causes of Gum Recession

Periodontal diseases, genetic factors, incorrect and vigorous tooth brushing, inadequate oral and dental care, hormonal changes, teeth grinding, clenching, applying pressure to the teeth, using tobacco and related products, and wearing lip or tongue piercings are factors that can cause gum recession.

Symptoms of Gum Recession

The most important symptom of gum recession is sensitivity. The presence of sensitivity in the teeth, accompanied by bleeding, the appearance of teeth longer than usual, and redness or swelling of the gums, suggests gum recession. Gum recession can progress stealthily, making treatment more difficult. Therefore, regular dental check-ups are crucial.

How is Gum Grafting Done?

The treatment method may vary depending on the problem caused by gum recession and the extent of the recession. If there is decay on the tooth or root surface, the treatment for that (filling, root canal, or veneer) is performed first.

If there is tooth sensitivity, treatments to alleviate the sensitivity are applied. If the missing gum tissue has progressed significantly, it is restored surgically through gum grafting.

In the gum grafting procedure, a graft piece is taken from the patient’s palate and transplanted to the area with gum recession. The grafting procedure can also be performed by sliding the healthy tissue adjacent to the recessed gum to cover the area.

In addition to these methods, artificially developed grafts can be used to cover the recessed gum area. The choice of method depends on an accurate diagnosis. However, there are also limitations to the use of artificial grafts. Whenever possible, using the patient’s own tissue for grafting always yields better results.

Gum grafting is performed under local anesthesia, so there is no pain during the procedure. However, some discomfort may be experienced afterwards. Following gum grafting, there may be an open wound in the palate. The open wound area may cause discomfort for 3-4 days, but the use of appliances prepared before the surgery will make the process more comfortable.